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[世界歷史] Russia's Road to TERROR and DICTATORSHIP under PUTIN



[隱藏]
This is PUTIN (4)

轉載】All forty Chechen rebels had had more than ENOUGH time to realize that the hall was being filled with toxic gas BUT they did NOT open fire on the hostages or kill them with grenades. After the FSB'S storm, all Chechen rebels had BEEN killed. BUT in the theater, MORE than eight hundred unconscious hostages were slumped in their seats or lying in the aisles, finding it difficult to breathe.

The evacuation of the hostages took place amid chaos. In the ABSENCE of medical personnel, police and soldiers draped the bodies of comatose hostages over their shoulders or carried them out by the arms and legs. Bodies were piled one on top of another outside the theater entrance, with NO attempt to separate the living from the dead. Although the medical authorities had had days to prepare for the aftermath of the siege, there was a shortage of ambulances, and hostages were taken to hospitals in buses, microbuses, and cars. MANY died as a result. Mr Alexander Karpov, a well-known songwriter, died after spending seven hours alive in a bus packed with corpses. A thirteen-year-old girl was crushed under the bodies and died on the way to a hospital.

The Less You Know, the Better You Sleep: Russia's Road to TERROR and DICTATORSHIP under YELTSIN and PUTIN

Author: Mr David Satter
Publisher: YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS

amid
在…中間,在…當中;為…環繞

drape sth across, on, over, etc. sth 把…披/搭/蒙在等

comatose 不省人事的,昏迷的

aftermath (不愉快事件)結束後的一個時期;(不愉快事件的)後果



熱門搜尋: plastic surgery 整容 雙眼皮手術 mascara lipstick 瘦面 豐胸

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This is PUTIN (5)

【轉載】
The gas was NOT identified for the rescuers, who were forced to spend several hours testing antidotes before they found one that was effective -- naloxone, which is used to treat heroin overdoses. BUT the discovery came TOO late to save many lives. The confusion continued at the hospitals, where hundreds of hostages suffering exposure to an unknown toxic gas suddenly appeared, overwhelming the hospitals' ability to treat them. PUTIN'S FSB, apparently AWARE that the death toll was going to be shocking, initially DELIBERATELY understated the fatalities ... The final official death count for the hostages from the toxic gas was 129.

The Less You Know, the Better You Sleep: Russia's Road to TERROR and DICTATORSHIP under YELTSIN and PUTIN


Author: Mr David Satter

Publisher: YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS

antidotes 解毒劑;(尤指)解毒藥

heroin 海洛因

overdose 過量,超劑量

toll 傷亡;損失;破壞

DELIBERATELY 故意地

understate 對…輕描淡寫;不如實陳述;避重就輕地說

fatality (事故或暴力事件中的)死亡,死者






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This is PUTIN (6)

【轉載】
In the months after the Nord-Ost attack, family members and survivors began to demand answers from PUTIN. The first question concerned the identity of the toxic gas. PUTIN'S cronies would say only that the gas had been a calmative opiate, a derivative of fenatyl delivered in aerosol form. The precise chemical was NEVER identified. According to some sources, the agent was Kolokol-I, an incapacitating gas developed in a Soviet military laboratory in the 1970s that carries a HIGH risk of death.

This question was NOT trivial. Many of the survivors were SERIOUSLY ill, and WITHOUT knowing the identity of the poison, doctors did NOT know how to treat them. In April 2003, a lawyer representing some of the former hostages said that approximately forty more had died since October 26, 2002. In October 2003, the newspaper Versiya, summing up the results of its own investigation, said that about three hundred of the former hostages were now dead.


The Less You Know, the Better You Sleep: Russia's Road to TERROR and DICTATORSHIP under YELTSIN and PUTIN


Author: Mr David Satter

Publisher: YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS

cronies
(尤指願意提供或接受不正當幫助的當權者的)親朋好友,親信,密友

opiate (尤指用於安眠的)鴉片劑,麻醉劑

derivative 衍生物,派生物

aerosol 噴霧的

incapacitate 使無能力(正常工作或做事);使無法(做想做之事)

trivial 微不足道的,瑣碎的;沒有價值的


[ 本帖最後由 智安 於 2017-7-22 09:44 AM 編輯 ]




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This is PUTIN (7)

【轉載】On September 30, 2003, in answer to questions from journalists, PUTIN  deviously said that the gas was "harmless" and denied that it caused the hostages' deaths. They had died from long periods of immobility, PUTIN said, and from chronic diseases. BUT experts from the Center for Catastrophic Medicine concluded that the deaths were caused by exposure to a "HIGH concentration of a chemical substance."

deviously 欺詐地

Catastrophic 大災難的;大災禍的

concluded 斷定;決定;推斷出;作出(結論)

exposure 接觸;面臨;遭受

PUTIN (1-7) are adapted from:
The Less You Know, the Better You Sleep: Russia's Road to Terror and Dictatorship under YELTSIN & PUTIN

Author: Mr David Satter
Publisher: YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS

Many thanks for your scrupulous attention !  






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[隱藏]
PUTIN'S EERIE smile

轉載】PUTIN'S intention, however, was to create a system in which the regime exercised total power. In his inaugural address May 7, 2000, PUTIN said that "the head of the government (i.e. PUTIN) was always and will always be the person who answers for everything." In fact, even under the 1993 Constitution, which created the superpresidency, the president did not answer for everything. Parliament was responsible for making laws, and the courts for the administration of justice. PUTIN said that he would be guided "only by the interests of the state." This too was a departure, because Russia is ostensibly a democracy in which the government answers to the people. The promise to be guided only by the interests of the state (i.e. PUTIN'S OWN interests) was implicitly a claim to ONE-man rule. On foreign policy, PUTIN said it was important to defend Russian citizens both in Russia and "beyond its boundaries." These words were little noticed at the time, and Russia was still too weak to contemplate foreign aggression, but they were a claim for the future.


PUTIN did NOT refer in his speech to individual rights, but his attitude on the subject became clear three months later. On August 12, two massive explosions occurred on board the nuclear submarine Kursk during a training exercise, and it sank to the bottom of the Barents Sea. Most of the 118 crew members were killed instantly, BUT 23 survivors managed to flee to a rear compartment, where they tapped out desperate calls for help on the submarine's hull. The entire world was transfixed by the drama of the trapped Russian sailors, BUT for FOUR days, PUTIN, unwilling to admit weakness, REFUSED offers of foreign help. PUTIN ONLY relented in the face of worldwide outrage. The first Norwegian rescuers reached the Kursk on August 20. TRAGICALLY, by that time it was TOO late. The ship was flooded and the entire crew was dead because of PUTIN'S arrogance.

Later, when asked by Mr Larry King on CNN what happened to the Kursk, PUTIN said only "It sank," giving an EERIE smile ... It was an OMINOUS sign of PUTIN'S indifference to suffering that would be a hallmark of PUTIN'S years ahead.

The Less You Know, the Better You Sleep: Russia's Road to Terror and Dictatorship under YELTSIN & PUTIN

Author: Mr David Satter
Publisher: YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS

EERIE 怪異而令人恐懼的

inaugural address 就職演說

departure 偏離,背離,脫離

ostensibly 表面上地;假稱地;假託地

implicitly: in a way that is suggested but not communicated directly

claim 權利,所有權

contemplate 盤算;沈思,冥想

aggression 侵略;侵犯;攻擊;挑釁

claim 聲明;說法;斷言

flee (尤指因危險或恐懼而) 逃跑

compartment 分隔廂,艙;隔間,包廂

tap (常指連續) 輕拍,輕叩,輕敲

desperate (因絕望而) 拼命的,不顧一切的

hull 船體;船身

transfix 使不能動彈;使呆住

relent 不再拒絕;變溫和;變寬容

outrage 憤慨,義憤

arrogance 傲慢;狂妄自大;趾高氣揚

OMINOUS 惡兆的;不祥的;不吉利的

indifference 漠不關心,冷淡;不感興趣

hallmark 特徵,特點

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This is PUTIN (8)

轉載
On September 9, shortly after midnight, a bomb exploded in the basement of a building at 19 Guryanova Street, in a working-class area in the southeast part of the city. The central section of the building was obliterated, leaving the left and right stairwells standing on each side of a gaping hole. Fires raged for hours under the rubble. "It's like hell underneath," one rescuer said. "Even if they survived the blast, they would have BEEN burned alive." In the end, 100 people were killed and 690 injured. PUTIN blamed the bombing on Chechen rebels ... The PUTIN'S FSB announced that items removed from the scene showed traces of TNT and HEXOGEN, a powerful military explosive. (HOWEVER, HEXOGEN is the reactive agent for a NEW generation of artillery shells in Russia, i.e. NOT present in Chenchnya. Besides, there is ONLY one factory that produces HEXOGEN. It is in the Perm oblast and it is tightly guarded by PUTIN'S FSB. Every gram is registered.)

adapted from:
The Less You Know, the Better You Sleep: Russia's Road to Terror and Dictatorship under YELTSIN & PUTIN

Author: Mr David Satter
Publisher: YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS

treats
對待

law-abiding 守法的,遵守法律的

idiots 白癡;笨蛋

working-class 勞工階級的,工人階級的

was obliterated (被)徹底毀掉,抹去,覆蓋 (使不留痕跡)

gaping (洞或者開口) 大的

raged 猛烈發作;肆虐

underneath 在(…)底下;在(…)下麵

blast 爆炸,爆破

FSB: The Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation

Chechen 車臣的

traces 微量,少許

TNT 梯恩梯,黃色炸藥,三硝基甲苯

HEXOGEN 黑素金炸藥

agent 作用劑

Chenchnya 車臣

oblast 州 (俄羅斯的行政區劃名稱)

be registered (被)(尤指把姓名)登記,註冊,記錄


[ 本帖最後由 智安 於 2017-7-25 11:54 AM 編輯 ]






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This is PUTIN (9)

PUTIN-made tragedies !

轉載】Four days later, on September 13, an explosion at 6 Kashirskoye Highway in Moscow flattened a nine-story brick apartment building, turning it into a pile of rubble. To add to the horror, the explosion took place at 5 AM, when almost all of the residents were asleep ... The death toll was eventually established at 124, with 7 injured.

On September 16, the terror spread. With funerals of the Moscow victims still going on, a truck bomb exploded in Volgodonsk. The blast ripped off the facade of a nine-story apartment building. The dead bodies of eighteen people, including two children, were pulled from the rubble. Eighty-nine were hospitalized. This explosion, like the one on Kashirskoye Highway, took place at 5 AM. The psychological shock was so great that afterward hundreds of people were unwilling to sleep in their homes and insisted on spending the night outdoors. The bomb left a crater 11.5 feet deep and forty to fifty feet wide. Parts of the vehicle that carried the bomb were dispersed over a radius of nearly a mile.

tragedies 悲劇性事件,災難,不幸

flattened (使) 變平;把…弄平

-story 樓層,層

pile 疊;垛;堆

asleep 睡著的

toll 傷亡;損失;破壞

established 查實;確定;證實,證明

funerals 葬禮;喪禮

truck 貨車,載重汽車

façade (尤指大型建築物或外型美觀的建築物的) 正面

hospitalize 送…住院治療

psychological 由焦慮 (或悲傷) 引起的;存在於心理上的

shock 令人震驚的事件 (或經歷);驚愕,震驚

crater 炸彈坑

disperse (使) 擴散,(使) 散開,(使) 分散

radius 半徑距離;半徑範圍;周圍






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This is PUTIN (10)

轉載】At 8:30 PM on September 22, Mr Alexei Kartofelnikov returned home to his apartment in Ryazan, a city 120 miles southeast of Moscow, after a weekend at his dacha. He noticed a white Lada parked in front of the building at 14/16 Novoselov Street with a male passenger in the back seat. The last two numbers on the car's license plates were covered with pieces of paper that had "62," the code for Ryazan, written on them. Mr Kartofelnikov went up to his apartment and called the police. His daughter, Ms Yulia, a twenty-three-year-old medical intern, went out onto the balcony and watched as a man emerged from the basement, checked his watch, and got into the car, where two people were waiting. In the meantime, another resident, Mr Vladimir Vasiliev, returned and also noticed the car. The piece of paper with "62" on the rear license plate had now fallen off so that the number on the car's plate was different from the number on the front. He also called the police.

When the police arrived, Ms Yulia insisted that they check the basement. The basement had been used as a toilet by local derelicts, so they did not want to go down there. But finally agreed, went down the steps, and immediately ran back up shouting, "There's a bomb." The building was soon engulfed in chaos. Police began going door to door telling residents to leave. People took babies out of bathtubs, grabbed documents, and threw on overcoats. Those too ill or weak to leave the building were left behind.

As residents watched on the street, the police, including Mr Yuri Tkachenko, the head of the local bomb squad, entered the basement. Mr Tkachenko disconnected a detonator and timing device and then tested three sacks of a white crystalline substance with a portable gas analyzer. The contents of the sacks tested positive for HEXOGEN
, the same substance used in the previous apartment bombings. There NOW no question that someone had tried to blow up the building.

The sacks were taken out of the basement at around 1:30 AM and driven away by the FSB. But the FSB agents forgot to take away the highly professional military detonator, which was left in the hands of the bomb squad. It was photographed and time-stamped the next day.


P.S. HEXOGEN is the reactive agent for a NEW generation of artillery shells in Russia, i.e. NOT present in Chenchnya. Besides, there is ONLY one factory that produces HEXOGEN. It is in the Perm oblast and it is tightly guarded by PUTIN'S FSB. Every gram is registered.


adapted from:
The Less You Know, the Better You Sleep: Russia's Road to Terror and Dictatorship under YELTSIN & PUTIN

Author: Mr David Satter
Publisher: YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS


dacha
鄉間別墅

license plates 牌照,號碼牌

code 密碼;代號;代碼

apartment (尤指在同一樓層的) 公寓套房

intern 實習醫生,見習醫生

balcony 露臺,陽台

emerged 出現,浮現;露出

basement 地下室

In the meantime 在此期間;(與此) 同時

derelicts 無家可歸者,流浪漢

was ... engulfed (被) 包圍;吞沒;淹沒

chaos 混亂;無秩序狀態

residents 居民;住戶

bathtubs 澡盆,浴缸

grabbed 攫取;抓住;抓取

overcoats 大衣,長大衣

squad 小隊;特別行動組

disconnect 使 ... 斷線,將 ... 中斷

crystalline 結晶體

detonator 起爆劑;起爆器

bomb squad 拆彈組;排彈組


[ 本帖最後由 智安 於 2017-7-27 04:19 PM 編輯 ]




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轉載This is PUTIN (11)

Important !

The white Lada was found around dawn, abandoned in a parking lot. A short time later, a call to Moscow was made from a public telephone in Ryazan, and the operator who connected the call caught a fragment of the conversation. The caller said there was no way to get out of town undetected. The voice on the other end replied, "Split up and each of you make your own way out." The operator reported the call to the police, who traced the number. TO THEIR SURPRISE, it belonged NOT to Chechen terrorists but to PUTIN'S FSB. The terrorists were soon arrested, and to the stupefaction of the police, produced FSB identification. PUTIN'S FSB ordered them released.

PUTIN'S FSB now had NO choice but to offer some explanation. On Friday, September 24, PUTIN'S FSB director Nikolai Patrushev came out of a Kremlin meeting and announced that the evacuation of the building had been part of a training exercise.

Patrushev's statement contradicted what PUTIN'S authorities had been saying for two days. On the morning of the 23rd, Alexander Sergeev, the head of the Ryazan FSB, had appeared on television and congratulated residents on being saved from a terrorist attack. Vladimir Rushailo, the interior minister, announced on national television that an attempted terrorist act had been foiled. BUT now Patrushev said the incident was a test.


dawn 拂曉,破曉,黎明

a parking lot 停車場

operator (電話) 接線生

traced 追查 … 的來源

stupefaction 驚訝;震驚

identification 身份證 (明)

contradicted (指人) 反駁,否定;(指事實或聲明)(與… ) 相矛盾,(與… ) 有抵觸

been foiled (被) 阻止,制止



實用相關搜尋: 電話

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[隱藏]
轉載】This is PUTIN (12)

These events provoked anger in Ryazan, where people had spent the night of September 23 sleeping outdoors. Journalists raised the possibility that those responsible for the four previous bombings were also NOT Chechens but PUTIN'S FSB. Society, however, did not react in an organized fashion. The day after the bomb was discovered, PUTIN'S aircraft began bombing the Grozny airport, in Chechnya, and on October 1, PUTIN'S troops moved across the border, launching the second Chechen War.

... The second invasion of Chechnya was carried out methodically and seemingly with success. In its wake, PUTIN'S popularity soared. Only 2 percent of the population had favored him for the presidency in August, and in September just 4 percent. In October, the number reached 21 percent. In November, PUTIN was favored for the presidency by 45 percent of Russians, far more than preferred any other candidate. It was now clear that there would be no need to introduce emergency rule and postpone the elections. PUTIN could win on his own, with the help of a PUTIN-made war.

PUTIN'S forces easily advanced over the Chechen lowlands to the Terek River. They then stopped and conducted strikes into other parts of Chechnya. In December, they crossed the Terek, surrounded Grozny, and began a DELIBERATELY massive bombardment that left the city looking like HELL.


provoked 激起,引起 (尤指負面反應)

launching ㄟ吽A推出,發起

carry sth out 執行,貫徹,落實,完成

methodically (指人做事) 有條理地,井然有序地

in the wake of sth 作為…的後果;隨…之後而來

popularity 聲望

soared 猛增,驟升

presidency 總統職務 (或任期)

candidate 候選人

strikes 軍事攻擊,突襲

deliberately 故意地

bombardment 連環炮撃,轟炸



實用相關搜尋: MBA

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This is PUTIN (13)

In early October, I met again with the operative who had warned me of a massive provocation coming in Moscow; he said the apartment bombings were that provocation. This was NOT an isolated view. Many Russian newspapers were making the SAME charge, especially the mass circulation Moskovsky Komsomolets, the newspaper Novaya Vremya, and the weekly newspaper Obshchaya Gazeta. It was characteristic of Moscow's mood under YELTSIN that after eight years in which the country had been run for the benefit of gangsters and oligarchs, the idea that the authorities had organized a terrorist act against their OWN people seemed NOT ONLY plausible but VERY likely.

"The perpetrators," my friend said, "planted the [Guryanov Street] bomb in a workers' area, NOT in an elite area in the center of town. If the perpetrators were Chechens and the purpose was to make a political point, blowing up ordinary people was senseless."

"If you look at a map of Moscow, you see that for a terrorist, the choice of place was idiotic. A terrorist should be able to get out quickly. Pechatnike [where the Guryanov Street building was located] is a peninsula. On three sides is the Moscow River and the ONLY way out is Ryazansky Prospekt."

"This is also the poorest region of Moscow. It has the cheapest apartments and the worst ecology. The second blast was on the Kashirskoye Highway, also among the cheapest, flimsiest houses in Moscow."

"The explosive that was used was HEXOGEN. This is the reactive agent for a NEW generation of artillery shells in Russia (i.e. HEXOGEN was NOT present in Chechenya.). There is ONLY one factory that produces HEXOGEN. It is in the Perm oblast and it is tightly guarded by PUTIN'S FSB. Every gram is registered.

"in order to produce this kind of destruction, HEXOGEN has to be weighed and the bomb strategically placed. This can be done only by specialists. The explosives were put in precise locations, and the buildings collapsed like a house of cards."

I was impressed. The bombings had created terror in Russia and then, having provided a so-called justification for a new war in Chechnya, they (i.e. the apartment bombings) abruptly stopped. At the same time, the sites were cleared of debris, including body parts, within three or four days, effectively destroying the crime scenes.

operative 密探;特工人員

provocation 挑釁

charge 指責,責備,批評

oligarch 寡頭政治家;寡頭統治集團成員

plausible 貌似真實 (或可信) 的

perpetrators 犯罪者;行兇者;作惡者

idiotic 白癡似的,愚蠢的

ecology (通常指一個特定區域的) 生態;生態學

abruptly 突然地;意外地

This is PUTIN (8-13) are adapted from:
The Less You Know, the Better You Sleep: RUSSIA'S ROAD TO TERROR AND DICTATORSHIP UNDER YELTSIN AND PUTIN

Author: Mr DAVID SATTER
Publisher: YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS

In short, PUTIN and HIS cronies bombed their own people so as to launch a PUTIN-made war in Chechnya, inflating PUTIN'S popularity and gained the presidency -- The Less You Know, the Better You Sleep, actually !

Many thanks for your scrupulous attention !


[ 本帖最後由 智安 於 2017-8-8 02:41 PM 編輯 ]



實用相關搜尋: 工人

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